AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) is a deadly disease mostly transmitted through sexual intercourse. The HIV (Human Immune Virus) destroys the phagocyte (white blood cell) which is referred to as the body defendant. This deprive the body from it self immunity hence making the body more prone to deadly diseases such as hepatitis, tuberculosis, and other viral infections.
Below is a list of top 8 African countries most affected by HIV/AIDS
TOP 8 MOST HIV AFFECTED AFRICAN COUNTRIES HAVING LARGEST HIV AIDS PATIENTS
The countries in which the diseases like AIDS is much prevalent are the following:
1) SOUTH AFRICA:
South Africa is the country in the world with most HIV patients. It has about 5,600,000 patients reported o be HIV positive which is the alarming situation.It accounts for about 12% of the total South African population suffering from this epidemic and according to the estimates every year 310,000 people die due to this illness.The government of the country is trying its best to control the disease but still the awareness campaigns are needed to be launched in the country to control it effectively.
The Botswana is the country where the first HIV case was first time reported in the year 1985. It is the world’s 2nd most AIDS affected country. Since then the country is subject this severe illness. About 320,000 people are reported to be infected with the HIV. The illness is severely affecting the development process of the nation, and the mortality rate has increased in an alarming manner.The country needs to take effective measures to control the problem.
The HIV positive people are of the number of about 1,500,000.Kenya stands on number fourth for its dangerous HIV figures.In last few years, the country has improved its health conditions due to that the HIV rates have also declined, but still the figures need to be improved more.
Zimbabwe is the fifth most AIDS affected country in the world. The prevalence rate of HIV is about 14.9% it has also improved due to awareness campaigns launched by the government of the country and it was 22.1% in 2003.Severe brain drain has undergone of the health professionals in Zimbabwe, and this improvement is the result of that.
5) THE DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO:
About 1,100,000 people in Congo are suffering from HIV aids and it is considered to be the world seventh most country having AIDS. It is the first African nation that was exposed to this deadly disease.The unprotected sexual relations in the country are reported to be the major cause of the disease transmission.
The total of 11.3% of the Mozambique citizens is HIV patients.The nation is facing severe HIV menace.This disease is uni formally found and distributed in every part of the country.About 74,000 disease people in Mozambique become the target of this disease.
The total of about 1,400,000 people in Tanzania is suffering from HIV positive.The amount of women in the country are suffering from this disease than men and about 60% of the women are facing this problem.Around 86000 people in Tanzania die of Aids in this country.
Malawi has about 10.0% of the HIV patients.About 68,000 people annually die of this illness.The Malawian government was initially slow in dealing with this disease but with a passage of time government is showing keen interest to control this epidemic he condition has now improved.